This is the second post of the day, and the source is the Guardian; for the first post of the day, also on Woolwich events, either click here or go straight to the next post after this.
Important Point From Both Posts of The Day: The More (a) new draconian measures are introduced by the British Government targeting British Muslims (First Post), and (b) the more attacks by white-extremists on British Muslims (present post) the more ingredients for Muslim ”radicalization”, in our lingua ”resistance” or self-defence, simple! – A simple Muslim Fighters Strategic Victory based on the logic of Resistance Warfare; as the more the government and some elements within the society, the ”independent media” and far-right groups, over-react, the more these and their counterproductive actions alienates further the targeted sector, in this case the British Muslims.
This article is reprinted here with absolute respect for The Guardian Copyright Permission:
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Attacks on Muslims: numbers in detail
Statistics about so-called ‘reprisal attacks’ are being widely circulated. We attempt to understand the scale of the targeting of British Muslims following the Woolwich attack
- guardian.co.uk, Tuesday 28 May 2013 14.56 BST
It’s been almost a week since the murder of Drummer Lee Rigby in Woolwich. During that time, many have considered the consequences of the two attackers’ actions for Britain’s crime policy, its foreign policy and its media.
Those who have discussed a risk of escalating violence in the wake of the attack have cited various statistics about Islamophobic incidents.
We’ve examined the statistics available in the wake of the terrible events of Woolwich, what they mean, and the wider picture on hate crime across the country.
Faith Matters, an organisation working to reduce extremism and interfaith tensions, has been one of the most cited sources for those who have noted an increase in anti-Muslim activity.
Their site features a statement on the 162 calls received since Wednesday, up from a daily average of between four and six. To report these numbers, Faith Matters have drawn upon one of their pre-existing projects, Tell MAMA, whose name is an acronym explaining what they do, Measuring Anti-Muslim Attacks.
In its first 12 months since launching in March 2012, Tell MAMA reported that there had been 632 anti-Muslim hate incidents, 58% of which were against women. If reliable, Tell MAMA’s reports over the past week represent a 15-fold increase on last year’s average.
They have also recorded ten attacks against mosques since Wednesday as shown below. These incidents, which have occurred across the UK, include smashed windows, attempted arson and, in the case of Cardiff’s Shah Jalal mosque, bacon being left outside.
What these numbers mean
There’s several things to say about these figures. Their strength is that this is not a one-off reporting project set up in the wake of a high-profile incident: we have a background figure of abuse recorded by Faith Matters – of around 28 to 42 calls a week.
The second is that 162 calls in a few days is a very sharp increase, representing several weeks of incidents in normal time. It must be noted, however, that this may also reflect a higher level of reporting of incidents, and a higher national awareness of the project.
It’s perhaps worth looking in more depth at how Tell MAMA collect these numbers, and how they differ from official crime statistics.
Individuals are able to report Islamophobic incidents in a number of ways: by filling in an online form, phoning their helpline, sending a text, email, tweet or message via Facebook. It’s not clear how these reports are verified but Tell MAMA does explain how they classify attacks which include anti-Muslim graffiti, verbal threats and physical attacks against people or property.
Where, some may ask, are the official statistics on this? Well, Fiyaz Mughal, co-ordinator of Tell MAMA has claimed that “police frequently fail to take victim statements” adding that “few police forces even bother to record Islamophobia as part of their reporting systems”.
Though they might not specifically analyse Islamophobia, in September 2012, the Home Office released statistics on hate crime in England and Wales for the first time. These offences are defined as those:
committed against a person or property that is motivated by hostility towards someone based on their disability, race, religion, gender-identity or sexual orientation, whether perceived to be so by the victim or any other person.
The advantage of these statistics is also their greatest weakness – where classification is difficult, a single incident can be placed in multiple categories (e.g. race and religion) – which means some are double-counted.
Nevertheless, the official statistics do show that the largest category by far was race hate crime, where 35,816 incidents were recorded. Fewer hate crimes were motivated by hostility towards religion (1,621) – a similar amount to those against disability (1,744). Across all categories, most crimes involved violence against the person – this was the case for 75% of religious hate crimes, while 19% involved criminal damage.
Regional differences were also visible in these numbers. Leicestershire had the highest proportion of hate crimes per 1,000 reported crimes and also had the highest proportion of religion hate crimes, followed by London where there were 1.28 hate crimes per 1,000 population compared to a national average of 0.8. You can explore the statistics where you live using the Guardian Data interactive here.
Unfortunately, because this last year was the first that the Home Office published data of this kind, it’s not possible to make accurate historical comparisons. However a previous dataset, released in March 2012, does contain some fascinating detail. It shows that of those with an identified religion, Muslims were the most likely to be victims of religion hate crime. 2,167 Muslims aged 16 and over were victims of hate crime between 2009 and 2011.
Other victim trends include the fact that those aged 16-24 are most at risk of becoming victims of hate crime. Similarly, those in the ethnic group ‘Asian or Asian British’ were the most likely to be victims of hate crime – 2.1% of adults compared to an average of 0.5%. 3% of all crime recorded in the British Crime Survey were identified as hate crime – though this rose to 6% of all assaults with minor injury.
Of all incidents recorded by Tell MAMA in the 12 months up to March this year, 54% were linked to members of the far right – namely British National Party and English Defence League (EDL) supporters. The EDL, who staged a protest on Monday blaming Islam for last week’s brutal killing, are not outlawed in the UK.
While campaigning for the election in 2010, David Cameron did however state “The EDL are terrible people, we would always keep these groups under review and if we needed to ban them, we would ban them or any groups which incite hatred”.
|Violence against the person||85||75||81||63||67|